Step 3: Identify competitive advantages in main market segments
A company needs to identify features and benefits that outperform the competing offer, while removing the rest. Being as good as a competitor is not an incentive for customers to choose your product.
Features must also be translated into benefits. It is the company’s duty to do so: customers cannot be expected to undertake the exercise themselves.
Competitive advantages are the building blocks, the foundation, of value-based pricing. This pricing approach is essentially all about quantifying the key differences between competitors in economic, customer-specific value.
Step 4: Calculate the economic value of competitive advantages to consumers
Many companies struggle with this step. Identifying features is easy, but identifying benefits requires understanding segments and segment-specific needs, and quantifying value is the high art, the craft, that allows the best companies to put a price on value (Hinterhuber, 2017).
There are a variety of approaches for translating features into benefits, and benefits into customer-specific economic value. Hinterhuber & Partners has developed the VQT (the Value Quantification Tool) that helps quantify customer-specific value across virtually all industries.
Step 5: Communicate the three to five differentiating factors that provide the biggest bottom line impact on the consumer
About 80% of the economic value that differentiates an offering from the competition can be summarised in three to five benefits. They may be segment-specific, but usually one or two competitive advantages are common to all segments. These are the ones to leverage in company communication, sales pitches and on the front of the product label.
Art, craft and science
Value-based pricing is about putting the customer at the centre of the pricing process in order to drive both customer satisfaction and profits. This pricing approach is a science, a craft and an art.
A science, as it is based on robust, scientific research into customers; a craft that can be learnt as companies implementing value-based pricing get better at it by doing, learning and experimenting; an art, because each company needs to find its own, unique way to create, communicate, deliver and price for value.
Hinterhuber, A. (2004). Towards value-based pricing – an integrative framework for decision making. Industrial Marketing Management, 33(8), 765-778.
Hinterhuber, A. (2017). Value quantification capabilities in industrial markets. Journal of Business Research, 76, 163-178.